What is the integrated curriculum model?
The Integrated Curriculum Model (ICM) is a comprehensive and cohesive curricular framework which employs good curricular design, considers the features of the disciplines under study, and is differentiated for gifted learners.
Who created the depth and complexity framework?
Developed by Bette Gould and Sandra Kaplan, the Depth and Complexity framework is composed of six fundamental elements that work together to allow any teacher or any content area or grade level to raise student achievement and differentiate instruction painlessly.
Who is Sandra Kaplan?
Kaplan is a Professor of Clinical Education at the University of Southern California. Kaplan has been an international and national consultant for districts, state departments, and other educational agencies to provide professional development in the areas of differentiated curriculum and instruction.
What are the icons of depth and complexity?
The Depth and Complexity Icons are visual prompts designed to help students go beyond surface level understanding of a concept and enhance their ability to think critically. These critical thinking tools help students dig deeper into a concept (depth) and understand that concept with greater complexity.
What is Tyler’s curriculum development model?
In brief, the Tyler model is a linear model containing four main components: objectives, selection of learning experiences, organisation of learning experiences, and evaluation.
What are the curriculum models?
There are three models of curriculum design: subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered design.
Why do we use depth and complexity?
The goal of Depth is to help students to expand their knowledge and expertise while maintaining a balance with the academic content. The goal of Complexity is to challenge students to make connections across disciplines, both over time and between disciplines.
How do you introduce depth and complexity?
You can introduce the idea of Depth and Complexity by describing each of the prompts as a different lens to help you see a topic in different ways. If you’re especially clever, you could even bring in binoculars, a microscope, eye glasses, reading glasses, and other actual lenses.
What is depth and complexity?
The goal of Depth is to help students to expand their knowledge and expertise while maintaining a balance with the academic content. COMPLEXITY. The goal of Complexity is to challenge students to make connections across disciplines, both over time and between disciplines.
What is the difference between depth and complexity?
Why are icons important in learning?
With this in mind, the icon acts as an object within a course that can speed up the learning process. Icons help learners recall concepts more easily: Icons are generally easier to recall than words because they draw on visual and verbal memory, rather than just the auditory memory.
What are the 3 models of curriculum?
What are across disciplines?
Across the Disciplines, a refereed journal devoted to language, learning, and academic writing, publishes articles relevant to writing and writing pedagogy in all their intellectual, political, social, and technological complexity.
How many steps are there of icon model of teaching?
Interpretation Construction (Icon) Design Model: Learning in this model comprises of seven steps and start from the learner’s observation. Observations: The key aspects of this model, where learners are made to observe the elements and situation related to the problem before proceeding to evolve a solution.
What is the purpose of the icon?
Icons are often used when explaining a process, as you can visually represent each step. They help us visually understand each step of a process and facilitate the visual separation and understanding of the elements they contain.