Who is the founder of Russian Formalism?
It began in two groups: OPOYAZ, an acronym for Russian words meaning Society for the Study of Poetic Language, founded in 1916 at St. Petersburg (later Leningrad) and led by Viktor Shklovsky; and the Moscow Linguistic Circle, founded in 1915.
Who is this Russian formalist who coined the term Defamiliarization?
formalist Viktor Shklovsky
Coinage. The term “defamiliarization” was first coined in 1917 by Russian formalist Viktor Shklovsky in his essay “Art as Device” (alternate translation: “Art as Technique”).
What is Literariness according to the Russian formalists?
The term ‘literariness’ was first introduced by the Russian Formalist Roman Jacobson in 1921. He declared in his work Modern Russian Poetry that ‘the object of literary science is not literature but literariness, i.e. what makes a given work a literary work’ (Das 2005, p. 78).
Which of the following is a school of Russian formalists?
A somewhat distinct Russian group is the ‘Bakhtin school’ comprising Mikhail Bakhtin, Pavlev Medvedev, and Valentin Voloshinov; these theorists combined elements of Formalism and Marxism in their accounts of verbal multi‐accentuality and of the dialogic text.
What is the theory of formalism?
Formalism is a branch of literary theory and criticism which deals with the structures of text. It means that external agents outside of the text are not taken into consideration. All the things about culture, politics, and the author’s intent or societal influences are excluded from formalism.
What is the theory of Defamiliarization?
The Russian Formalists’ concept of “Defamiliarization”, proposed by Viktor Shklovsky in his Art as Technique, refers to the literary device whereby language is used in such a way that ordinary and familiar objects are made to look different.
What is the meaning of Defamiliarization?
: to present or render in an unfamiliar artistic form usually to stimulate fresh perception.
What is the difference between Fabula and Syuzhet?
Fabula is the meat of the story while the syuzhet is the narration and how the story is organized. This specific screenplay structure employed by American cinema often utilizes original organization by showing the end first, and having the audience view how they got there.
What is meant by defamiliarization?
What is plot according to Formalists?
The Russian Formalists stress that while ‘story’ (fabula) is merely the chronological sequence of events, the raw material awaiting the organizing hand of the writer, plot (syuzhet) is the order of presentation in the narration which is strictly literary.
What was the contribution of the Russian Formalists to the study of literature?
Russian formalism is distinctive for its emphasis on the functional role of literary devices and its original conception of literary history. Russian Formalists advocated a “scientific” method for studying poetic language, to the exclusion of traditional psychological and cultural-historical approaches.
What is main focus of formalism?
Formalism may be defined as a critical approach in which the text under discussion is considered primarily as a structure of words. That is, the main focus is on the arrangement of language, rather than on the implications of the words, or on the biographical and historical relevance of the work in question.
What is an example of defamiliarization?
The man in the mirror looks at him contemptuously, feeling sorry for him, laughing at his cowardice. Paul cannot stand the sight any longer, and he turns his back. Here the defamiliarization technique is focused on the mirror.
Why is defamiliarization used?
Defamiliarization is a literary technique in which the process of writing is itself focused on more than any particular plotline. This technique involves exploring the differences between literature and reality and is used by writers to help identify their efforts as the works of literary art that they are.
Who is a Narratee?
Noun. narratee (plural narratees) someone to whom a story is narrated.
What is fabula theory?
The ‘fabula’ refers to the chronological order in which the events of a story take place: the timeline, in other words. The ‘syuzhet’ refers to the sequence in which the author chooses to relate those events, which we could describe as the storyline or the plot.