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What is the speed of sound in solid liquid and gas?

What is the speed of sound in solid liquid and gas?

Due to this advantage, the speed of sound in a solid is faster than in a gas. The speed of sound in solid is 6000 metres per second, while the speed of sound in steel is equal to 5100 metres per second. Another interesting fact about the speed of sound is that sound travels 35 times faster in diamonds than in the air.

What can you say about the speed of liquid materials compared with gases?

Diffusion: Molecules in liquids diffuse because they are in constant motion. A molecule in a liquid cannot move far before colliding with another molecule, however, so the mean free path in liquids is very short, and the rate of diffusion is much slower than in gases.

What is the speed of sound in liquid?

The speed of sound in some common liquids are indicated in the table below. Speed of sound in air at standard conditions is 343 m/s….Speed of sound in common fluids like water, glycerol, kerosene and more.

Liquid Speed of Sound1) (m/s)
Water 1493
Water, 0oC 1402
Water, 20oC 1482

Why liquids and solids have higher speeds of sound than gases?

Explanation: The molecules in a solid medium are much closer together than those in a liquid or gas, allowing sound waves to travel more quickly through it. In fact, sound waves travel over 17 times faster through steel than through air.

What is the speed of sound in a gas?

Speed of Sound in Gases

Gas ft/s m/s
Oxygen (27ºC) 1082 ft/s 330 m/s
Oxygen (30ºC) 1090 ft/s 332.2 m/s
Sulfur dioxide (0ºC) 686 ft/s 209 m/s
Sulfur hexafluoride (11ºC) 436 ft/s 133 m/s

What is the speed of sound in solid?

6000 m/s
The speed of sound in solid is 6000 m/s, while the speed of sound in steel is 5100 m/s. Another fascinating finding about sound speed is that sound moves 35 times faster in diamonds than in air.

Is sound louder in a solid liquid or gas?

After passing through the gas medium, the average sound loudness was -45db. It was -27db for the liquid medium, and -21db for the solid medium. The experiment showed that Solid was the best of the 3 mediums for the sound to travel the loudest.

What is speed of sound in gas?

Why speed of sound is greater in solids than liquids?

The closer the molecules are to each other and the tighter their bonds, the less time it takes for them to pass the sound to each other and the faster sound can travel. It is easier for sound waves to go through solids than through liquids because the molecules are closer together and more tightly bonded in solids.

Why is sound faster in solids?

Sound travels more quickly through solids than through liquids and gases because the molecules of a solid are closer together and, therefore, can transmit the vibrations (energy) faster. Sound travels most slowly through gases because the molecules of a gas are farthest apart.

Which has the highest speed of sound?

They found that sound could travel close to the theoretical limit of 79,200 mph (127,460 km/h), confirming their initial calculations. In contrast, the speed of sound in air is roughly 767 mph (1,235 km/h).

What is the sound in gas?

Sound consists of a waveform moving through a material. The speed of sound in a gas is primarily a function of the temperature of the gas. Since air is a mixture of gases and includes water vapor, the relative humidity of air has a slight effect on the speed of sound.

How do you find the speed of sound in a solid?

v=√Bρ. The speed of sound in a solid the depends on the Young’s modulus of the medium and the density, v=√Yρ. where γ is the adiabatic index, R = 8.31 J/mol • K is the gas constant, TK is the absolute temperature in kelvins, and M is the molecular mass.

Why speed of sound is more in solids?

It is easier for sound waves to go through solids than through liquids because the molecules are closer together and more tightly bonded in solids. Similarly, it is harder for sound to pass through gases than through liquids, because gaseous molecules are farther apart.

Is sound louder in liquid?

The experiment showed that Solid was the best of the 3 mediums for the sound to travel the loudest. Liquid medium was in the second place.

Why does sound travel faster in solids than in gases Class 11?

Velocity is directly proportional to the elasticity. Since the solid possesses greater elasticity than the gases, the vibration of the sound waves is maximum in it. Hence the sound waves travel faster in the solid.

Why does sound travel faster in solids?

Why speed of sound is maximum in solid?

The speed of the sound depends on the density of the medium through which it is travelling. The higher the density of the medium, the faster the propagation of sound. Since density of solids is higher than that of liquids and gases, sound travels faster in solids.

What is the sound speed in gas?

Solution: The speed of sound in a gas is given by v=√γRT/M.

What is the speed of sound in gases?

Speed of Sound in Gases

Gas ft/s m/s
Carbon dioxide (0ºC) 846 ft/s 258 m/s
Carbon dioxide (51ºC) 918 ft/s 280 m/s
Carbon disulfide (35ºC) 676 ft/s 206 m/s
Carbon monoxide (0ºC) 1105 ft/s 337 m/s

Why is the speed of sound less in gases than solids?

Hence speed of sound in liquids is less than the speed in solids. In case of gases the particles are far away from each other as compared in case of solids and liquids, hence the transfer of energy from one particle to another particle of a gas is quite slow.

How to calculate the speed of sound in solids?

The speed of sound in the solids can be calculated as v =√ (Y/ρ) The speed of sound in the solids and gases can be calculated as v =√ (B/ρ) Ques. The sound waves travel in the air with a density of 0.056 kg/m³ and pressure of 3000 Pa with a temperature of 5°C. Calculate the speed of the sound. [2 marks] Ans. As given here:

What does the speed of sound depend on Quizlet?

The speed of sound depends on the density and the elasticity of the medium in which it is travelling. It is directly proportional to the elasticity and inversely proportional to the density of the given medium. Ques. What is the difference between wave velocity and particle velocity? [2 marks]

What is the speed of sound through gas in soft drink?

The pressure of gas in a soft drink is found to be 3 bar, and its density is 0.97g/cc. Find the speed of sound through the gas in the soft drink. [2 marks] Ans. As given in the problem, So, the speed of sound in steel is 17.58 m/s.