What is the main idea of the Two Treatises of Government?

What is the main idea of the Two Treatises of Government?

The main idea expressed in John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government is that we can use the idea of a state of nature to justify a proper government. If we grant that humans are naturally free and equal, then government must protect the liberty of its subjects equally.

What did John Locke argue in his Second Treatise of government?

In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.

What is Locke’s claim regarding the state of nature in Sec 6?

It rests on consent. Locke holds that in the state of nature there is a “law of nature” which is plain to everyone who will use his reason: “don’t harm another in his life, liberty, health, or possessions.” (P. 6) Natural law forbids us to violate others’ natural rights.

What is John Locke’s view on government?

To Locke, a Government existed, among other things, to promote public good, and to protect the life, liberty, and property of its people. For this reason, those who govern must be elected by the society, and the society must hold the power to instate a new Government when necessary.

What is the subject of Chapter I of Locke’s Second Treatise?

In Chapter 1, Locke first reiterates his arguments from the First Treatise against Sir Robert Filmer’s writings. His points refute Filmer as follows: Adam was NOT given absolute authority over the world and his children by God. Adam’s heirs, therefore, did not have this authority.

Why is the Second Treatise of Government important?

The Second Treatise of Government, subtitled An Essay Concerning the True Original Extent and End of Civil Government, stands today as an extremely influential work that shaped political philosophy and provided a basis for later political doctrines, such as those set forth in the Declaration of Independence and the …

What are the 3 functions of the state according to Locke?

Locke describes a state with a separate judicial, legislative, and executive branch–the legislative branch being the most important of the three, since it determines the laws that govern civil society.

What are the three powers of government according to Locke?

John Locke’s legislative, executive and federative powers An earlier forerunner to Montesquieu’s tripartite system was articulated by John Locke in his work Two Treatises of Government (1690). In the Two Treatises, Locke distinguished between legislative, executive, and federative power.

How does Locke define power?

Locke and Punishment. John Locke defined political power as “a right of making laws with penalties of death, and consequently all less Penalties” (Two Treatises 2.3). Locke’s theory of punishment is thus central to his view of politics and part of what he considered innovative about his political philosophy.

What does state of nature mean?

The state of nature, for Rousseau, is a morally neutral and peaceful condition in which (mainly) solitary individuals act according to their basic urges (for instance, hunger) as well as their natural desire for self-preservation.

Who was John Locke summary?

John Locke was an English philosopher and political theorist who was born in 1632 in Wrington, Somerset, England, and died in 1704 in High Laver, Essex. He is recognized as the founder of British empiricism and the author of the first systematic exposition and defense of political liberalism.

What type of government did John Locke support?

Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons. But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business. Consequently, only adult male property owners should have the right to vote.

What is the 2nd treatise of government summary?

Second Treatise of Government Summary. If, after a prolonged series of oppressive maneuvers and unheard appeals, the people still have no respite from the tyrannical actions of their government, they have the right to dissolve said government. They can restore it with new leadership, change it, or create an entirely new system of government.

What is the Second Treatise of John Locke about?

In the Second Treatise, Locke rises above the specifics of the political situation described in the Introduction to outline a coherent theory of liberal political government, based on the sanctity of individual property and the state of nature.

What is the state of nature according to the treatise?

The Treatise begins with a discussion of the state of nature. In this state, men are born equal to one another and have perfect liberty to maintain and order their lives and property.

What is Locke’s argument in Chapter 1 of the first treatise?

In Chapter 1, Locke first reiterates his arguments from the First Treatise against Sir Robert Filmer’s writings. His points refute Filmer as follows: No one can claim rights since it is impossible to identify Adam’s heirs today. Locke aimed to refute Filmer’s theory of the divine right of sovereignty.