What is temporal bone trauma?

What is temporal bone trauma?

The temporal bones are paired structures located on the lateral aspects of the skull and contribute to the skull base. Trauma is usually the result of blunt head injury and can result in damage to the brain and meninges, the middle and internal ear, and the facial nerve.

How is a temporal bone fracture treated?

Treatment of Temporal Bone Fractures Delayed-onset or incomplete facial paralysis almost always resolves with conservative management, including use of corticosteroids, which are gradually tapered. Conductive hearing loss requires ossicular chain reconstruction several weeks to months after the injury.

How serious is a temporal fracture?

In adults and children, temporal bone fractures with otic capsule disruption are severe and more prone to complications (such as facial nerve paralysis, sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss, CSF otorrhea) and sequelae than are temporal bone fractures with otic capsule sparing.

How much force does it take to break the temporal bone?

1875 pounds
The temporal bone is the thickest bone in the body and requires great force to fracture (1875 pounds or 850 kg of lateral force in one study).

Who treats temporal bone fractures?

Therefore, neurosurgeons, neurologists, and emergency physicians should be trained to assess the 2 most important aspects of temporal bone fractures: status of the external canal (checking for blood or CSF) and status of the facial nerve.

What does a temporal bone fracture feel like?

A temporal bone fracture may cause facial paralysis, hearing loss, bruising behind the ear, and bleeding from the ear. Doctors use computed tomography (CT) to diagnose temporal bone fractures. Treatment, sometimes including surgery, is needed if the fracture causes problems.

What’s the hardest bone in the body to break?

The thigh bone is called a femur and not only is it the strongest bone in the body, it is also the longest. Because the femur is so strong, it takes a large force to break or fracture it – usually a car accident or a fall from high up.

How much force does it take to fracture the temporal bone?

The temporal bone is the thickest bone in the body and requires great force to fracture (1875 pounds or 850 kg of lateral force in one study).

Can you live with a skull fracture?

Can you survive a skull fracture? Most people who have a fractured skull survive. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2017, 27 percent of people with a severe brain injury did not survive.

What does a CT scan of the temporal bone show?

Temporal bone CT is a limited kind of head CT that focuses on the lower part of the skull and the surrounding soft tissues, and is often used in patients with hearing loss, chronic ear infections, and middle and inner ear diseases.

What is the easiest bone to break?

Well, perhaps surprisingly, the most common bone to break is actually the clavicle, more often known as the collarbone. The clavicle is the bone that runs across the front of the body from shoulder to shoulder. Due to its length and slenderness, as well as its prominent position, it breaks quite easily.

Which bone is most superior?

In anatomy, the atlas (C1) is the most superior (first) cervical vertebra of the spine and is located in the neck….

Atlas (anatomy)
TA98 A02.2.02.101
TA2 1038
FMA 12519
Anatomical terms of bone

What is the most common skull fracture?

The parietal bone is most frequently fractured, followed by the temporal, occipital, and frontal bones [10]. Linear fractures are the most common, followed by depressed and basilar skull fractures.