What is spatial planning for climate change?
Spatial planning in particular is capable of playing a key role in addressing climate change. It can promote climate adaptation as a framework for the coordination of various activities over a specific territory and a mechanism for the implementation of adaptation measures on the ground.
How does climate change affect planning?
The most important climate changes with regard to planning are rising water levels, increased precipitation and increasing temperatures.
What is spatial planning in environmental management?
Spatial modeling and design of smart communities Spatial planning tries to coordinate and improve the impacts of other sectoral policies on land use, in order to achieve a more even distribution of economic development within a given territory than would otherwise be created by market forces.
What are climate stressors?
Climate stressors such as sea level rise, more frequent floods, and droughts are often cited as consequences of climate change. However a great deal of uncertainty surrounds the extent, timing, and location of these climate stressors.
How can spatial planning of a region help in mitigating and adapting to climate change?
A good spatial planning take risk areas housing or commercial and industrial activities susceptible to floods, landslides and other natural disasters, leaving these areas to extreme events with activities that there is only a momentary interruption of the use of the area.
How does climate change impact urban planning and the form of cities?
With extra heat, the actual built environment of a city is affected. Past power grids failing, excessive heat can cause asphalt to melt, rail tracks to expand and airports to hold planes due to tarmacs being too hot. Floodwaters can wash away roads, erode bayous and river banks, and push through bridges.
How does climate affect urban planning?
Climate change impacts such as increased rainfall intensity, storm surges, and flooding and urban heat island effects are likely to affect many urban systems worldwide. These will impact severely on urban systems and the populations and services they support.
What is the importance of spatial planning?
Spatial planning is critical for delivering economic, social and environmental benefits (see Box 1) by creating more stable and predictable conditions for investment and development, by securing community benefits from development, and by promoting prudent use of land and natural resources for development.
What are the principles of spatial planning?
There are four spatial principles, which are central to creating positive settlements. These are definition, scale, flexibility and intensity of space-use.
Is climate change a stressor?
Climate change has emerged as a new and increasingly important threat to natural systems (Mooney et al. 2009). Climate change is a stressor in its own right, and it inter- acts with these other stressors in complex ways.
What are environmental stressors and disturbances?
Disturbances are events, like tornados, wildfires or floods that cause marked changes to the impacted area. Stressors, like pathogens or water stress are dynamics that impair or comprise the function or productivity of the system.
What strategies in relation to adaptation and mitigation of the impacts of climate change in your area will you suggest?
Erecting buildings and infrastructure that is safer and more sustainable. Replanting forests and restoring damaged ecosystems. Diversifying crops so that they are better able to adapt to changing climates. Investigating and developing innovative solutions to prevent and manage natural catastrophes.
How could mitigation and adaptation deal with climate change?
In essence, adaptation can be understood as the process of adjusting to the current and future effects of climate change. Mitigation means making the impacts of climate change less severe by preventing or reducing the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere.
How can urban planning mitigate climate change?
Urban design can also impact housing choice, enabling people to choose smaller and/or attached housing types in exchange for neighborhood amenities. Smaller, attached housing uses less energy. Urban design strategies may also reduce the need for air conditioning, a significant source of carbon emissions.
How are cities planning to reduce the human impact on the environment?
Involve local community in local government. Reduce air pollution by upgrading energy use and alternative transport systems. Create private-public partnerships to provide services such as waste disposal and housing. Plant trees and incorporate the care of city green spaces as a key element in urban planning.
What is the impact of climate change on urban cities and area’s?
Climate change risks on urban areas increase economic losses of real estate investment. The rise in temperature reduced ground floor rent due to higher operating costs of cooling systems. Water scarcity led to a decline in ground floor rent due to higher costs for water supply and treatment.
How has spatial planning leads to sustainable development?
Spatial planning contributes to achieving balance in urban development between using undeveloped land versus reusing old urban sites and promoting compact urban development. Sustainable urban development requires preventing uncontrolled urban sprawl in the open landscape.
Why is spatial planning important?
How does spatial planning contributes to sustainable development?
What are the stressors of climate change to human health?
Climate change is already impacting health in a myriad of ways, including by leading to death and illness from increasingly frequent extreme weather events, such as heatwaves, storms and floods, the disruption of food systems, increases in zoonoses and food-, water- and vector-borne diseases, and mental health issues.