What is Saccharum spp?

What is Saccharum spp?

Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is a perennial grass, belonging to the Poaceae family and Andropogoneae tribe, which is grown widely in tropical and subtropical regions. It is the highest yielding crop worldwide [1] and accounts for approximately 75% of the world sugar production [2], [3].

What is the common name of saccharum officinarum?

sugar cane
Saccharum officinarum, known as sugar cane, is a large tufted perennial grass that is probably native to Southeast Asia.

How are saccharum Barberi and Saccharum officinarum different?

Solution : Saccharum barberi has poor sugar content and yield, whereas, Saccharum officinarum has thicker stem and higher sugar content. The former was originally grown in north India and the latter in South India.

What is fluff in sugarcane?

For the production of sugarcane seed, sugarcane breeding results in production of true sugarcane seed “Fluff” which requires fast multiplication for field testing. Tissue culture technique may help in fast multiplication of cause and may provide following benefits.

What is Saccharum officinarum used for?

Saccharum officinarum and its hybrids are grown for the production of sugar, ethanol, and other industrial uses in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The stems and the byproducts of the sugar industry are used for feeding to livestock.

Why is Saccharum officinarum called noble cane?

Nobilization. The early Dutch workers called S. officinarum as the ‘noble cane’ due to its splendid appearance.

What are the features of Saccharum Barberi?

Saccharum barberi has low sugar content and low yield in Northern India. Both species were crossed to achieve a high sugar content, high yield, thick stems, and ability to grow in North India’s sugarcane belt. The higher sugar content and thicker stems of this variety of sugarcane make it yield more.

Which is correct about saccharum Barberi?

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What are the two modes of reproduction of sugarcane?

The first stalk of sugar cane that comes up each year is called the ratoon. Sugar cane can also reproduce by the use of seeds in some types, but using cuttings of the plant is a much more common method.

How do you increase sugarcane production?

Sugarcane yield can be improved by selection of location specific varieties and varietal planning, maintaining optimum plant stand, timely planting, use of optimum row spacing and seed rate, development of water management practices, adoption of efficient weed management practices, balance use of fertilizers, adoption …

Is Saccharum officinarum edible?

Edible Uses The stems contain a very sweet sap[46 ]. They are crushed to extract this sap, which is then used in a variety of ways. It can be used as a sweet, refreshing drink, though it is more commonly concentrated to make syrups or dried to make sugar, molasses etc[46 ].

What is the class of Saccharum officinarum?

Data Quality Indicators:

Class Magnoliopsida
Superorder Lilianae – monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylédones
Order Poales
Family Poaceae – grasses, graminées
Genus Saccharum L. – sugarcane, sugar cane

What is the difference between Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum Barberi?

Solution : Saccharum barberi has poor sugar content and yield, whereas, Saccharum officinarum has thicker stem and higher sugar content.

Which feature of Saccharum Barberi is desirable for developing improved quality of sugarcane?

Which tropical canes grown in south India had thicker stems and high sugar content but did not grow well in North India?

Complete answer: Saccharum officinarum is the tropical type plant in South India. Sugar cane of this type has a higher content of sugar and has a thicker stem, but in North India, it does not grow well.

What is the scientific name of sugar cane?

Saccharum officinarumSaccharum officinarum / Scientific name

Is sugarcane juice is good for health?

Sugarcane is a good source of vitamin C and antioxidants that may boost your immunity. Presence flavonoids – help the body stave off cancerous cells, especially prostate and breast cancer. Sugarcane juice work excellent for digestive and liver problems.

What are the features of Saccharum barberi?

What is Saccharum spontaneum?

Saccharum semidecumbens Roxb. S. spontaneum is a perennial, polymorphic grass species believed to have originated in India. It is present across southern Asia, east Africa and to the Mediterranean. S. spontaneum is often considered a weed in its native range and has been introduced outside of this range for use in sugarcane breeding programmes.

Is Saccharum spontaneum resistant to red rot?

Resistance genes seem to be more present in Saccharum spontaneum, while S. officinarum, S. sinense, and S. barberi are, for the most part, more susceptible. Red rot can be observed affecting many plant tissues in sugarcane.

What is the allelopathic influence of Saccharum spontaneum?

Allelopathic influence of Saccharum spontaneum L. on the growth of three varieties of wheat. Science and Culture, 44:28-30. Anon., 1972. The Wealth of India.

Does ploidy and preadaptation facilitate Saccharum spontaneum escape and invasion?

“A perfect storm: ploidy and preadaptation facilitate Saccharum spontaneum escape and invasion in the Republic of Panama”. Biological Invasions. 23 (4): 1101–1115. doi: 10.1007/s10530-020-02421-3.