What is phenytoin sodium extended used for?

What is phenytoin sodium extended used for?

Phenytoin is used to prevent and control seizures (also called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug). It works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain.

What is phenytoin sodium extended 100 mg capsule?

Extended phenytoin sodium capsule is a prescription medicine used to treat tonic-clonic (grand mal), complex partial (psychomotor or temporal lobe) seizures, and to prevent and treat seizures that happen during or after brain surgery.

Is phenytoin extended release?

PHENYTEK® CAPSULES (extended phenytoin sodium capsules, USP) are indicated for the control of generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) and psychomotor (temporal lobe) seizures and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery.

Can you open phenytoin ER capsules?

Background: When phenytoin is prescribed for administration via nasogastric tube, immediate-release OR) phenytoin tablets are crushed before use and extended-release (ER) phenytoin capsules are opened and only the granules are used.

Does phenytoin make you sleepy?

you should know that this medication may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and problems with coordination.

What is a side effect of phenytoin?

Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, feeling of spinning, drowsiness, trouble sleeping, or nervousness may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Phenytoin may cause swelling and bleeding of the gums.

Can you crush Dilantin capsules?

Do not crush or chew. Take this medicine with food if it upsets your stomach. It may be best to take your medicine consistently with or without food. Take your doses at regular intervals.

Should you brush your teeth after taking phenytoin?

In some patients (usually younger patients), tenderness, swelling, or bleeding of the gums (gingival hyperplasia) may appear soon after phenytoin treatment is started. To help prevent this, brush and floss your teeth carefully and regularly and massage your gums.

Does phenytoin cause memory loss?

Antiseizure drugs All drugs that depress signaling in the CNS can cause memory loss. Alternatives: Many patients with seizures do well on phenytoin (Dilantin), which has little if any impact on memory.

Can you crush phenytoin tablet?

Can you crush extended-release tablets?

The majority of extended-release products should not be crushed or chewed, although there are some newer slow-release tablet formulations available that are scored and can be divided or halved (e.g., Toprol XL).

Can you live a normal life with seizures?

Some people are able to achieve seizure-free lives, while other people with epilepsy can manage their seizures to live long and full lives.

What happens if you cut an extended-release pill in half?

Extended-release pills. Cutting a pill engineered to slowly release medication undermines that intended delay. “Splitting this sort of pill can lead to the entire dosage being dumped at once — and that can be very unsafe,” cautions Dr.

What happens if you crush an extended-release?

If you crush or cut extended-release medications that are intended to remain intact, the patient initially receives an overdose. Subsequently, the patient receives an insufficient level to obtain or maintain the desired effect.

Can seizures be cured permanently?

There’s currently no cure for epilepsy, but it can be managed with medications and other strategies.

What conditions does phenytoin sodium extended treat?

liver problems caused by phenytoin;

  • an allergy to similar medicines such as ethotoin,fosphenytoin,or mephenytoin; or
  • if you currently take delavirdine (Rescriptor).
  • What are the major side effects of phenytoin?


  • feeling drowsy,sleepy or dizzy.
  • feeling nervous,unsteady or shaky.
  • feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
  • constipation.
  • sore or swollen gums.
  • mild skin rash.
  • What conditions does phenytoin treat?

    prevention of seizures following head injury or surgery

  • a type of seizure disorder called tonic-clonic epilepsy
  • seizure occurring during neurosurgery
  • convulsive seizures
  • epilepsy
  • What type of medication is phenytoin?


  • clonazepam
  • lamotrigine
  • oxcarbazepine
  • tiagabine
  • topiramate
  • valproate
  • zonisamide