What is kwashiorkor and its symptoms?

What is kwashiorkor and its symptoms?

Kwashiorkor is a condition resulting from inadequate protein intake. Early symptoms include fatigue, irritability, and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, one sees growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling (edema), and decreased immunity.

What are the five symptoms of kwashiorkor?

The symptoms of kwashiorkor include:

  • change in skin and hair color (to a rust color) and texture.
  • fatigue.
  • diarrhea.
  • loss of muscle mass.
  • failure to grow or gain weight.
  • edema (swelling) of the ankles, feet, and belly.
  • damaged immune system, which can lead to more frequent and severe infections.
  • irritability.

What is kwashiorkor a deficiency of?

Kwashiorkor is a form of acute malnutrition that occurs due to protein deficiency. Kwashiorkor is a serious condition that can happen when a person does not consume enough protein. Severe protein deficiency can lead to fluid retention, which can make the stomach look bloated.

Why does kwashiorkor cause swollen belly?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition associated with a deficiency in dietary protein. The extreme lack of protein causes an osmotic imbalance in the gastrointestinal system causing swelling of the gut diagnosed as an edema or retention of water.

What are the complications of kwashiorkor?

Some complications of kwashiorkor include: Hepatomegaly (from the fatty liver) Cardiovascular system collapse/hypovolemic shock. Urinary tract infections.

What are the risk factors of kwashiorkor?

What are the risk factors for kwashiorkor?

  • Conditions that interfere with protein absorption such as cystic fibrosis.
  • Dietary changes for management of milk allergies in infants and children.
  • Diets that are low in protein such as a vegan diet.
  • Drought or famine.
  • Infections that interfere with protein absorption.

What food causes kwashiorkor?

The main cause of kwashiorkor is not eating enough protein or other essential vitamins and minerals. It’s most common in developing countries with a limited food supply, poor hygiene, and a lack of education about the importance of giving babies and children an adequate diet.

Which part of the body swells in kwashiorkor?

What causes protein deficiency?

You can become deficient in protein if you don’t eat enough food sources. Severe protein deficiency is called kwashiorkor. This condition is more common in low income countries where people don’t have enough to eat. Some people do not consume enough protein in their diet, possibly due to dietary choices or aversions.

What food can cure kwashiorkor?

If kwashiorkor is found early, it can be treated with either specially formulated milk-based feeds or ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). RUTF is typically made up of peanut butter, milk powder, sugar, vegetable oil, and added vitamins and minerals.

How long does it take to cure kwashiorkor?

The treatment usually takes 2 to 6 weeks.

What food should be avoided with kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor can be prevented by including foods in your diet that are rich in proteins, such as meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, soy, and beans. Treatment involves slow increases in calories from carbohydrates, sugars, and fats, followed by protein.

What are signs of protein deficiency?

Signs and symptoms of protein deficiency

  • Skin, hair and nail problems.
  • Loss of muscle mass.
  • Increased risk of bone fractures.
  • Bigger appetite and increased calorie intake.
  • Risk of infections.
  • Fatty liver.
  • May inhibit proper body growth in children.

What food should you eat if you have kwashiorkor?