What is ISTA in seed technology?
The International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) produces internationally agreed rules for seed sampling and testing, accredits laboratories, provides international seed analysis certificates, promotes research, disseminates knowledge in seed science and technology and provides training.
What is seed testing and certification?
In general, seed certification is a process designed to maintain and make available to the general public continuous supply of high quality seeds and propagating materials of notified kinds and varieties of crops, so grown and distributed to ensure the physical identity and genetic purity.
What is ISTA agriculture?
The International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) is an independent, non-profit organization founded during the 4th International Seed Testing Congress in 1924.
What is the importance of seed testing and seed certification?
The purpose of seed certification is to maintain and make available to farmers high-quality and genetically pure seeds of superior cultivars. Certified seed is high in genetic purity, high in germination and vigor, and of good quality (i.e., free from disease and from damaged or immature seed).
What are ISTA rules for seed testing?
The ISTA Rules have 19 sections that provide definitions and standardized methods to be used in, for example, sampling, testing seed lot quality and reporting results for international trade. The ISTA Rules are also a useful reference guide to germination conditions and methods for over 1000 species.
How do I get seed certified?
Phases of seed certification
- Receipt and scrutiny of application.
- Verification of seed source.
- Field inspection.
- Post harvest supervision of seed crops.
- Seed sampling and testing.
- Labelling, tagging, sealing and grant of certificate.
What are requirements for seed certification?
4 Main Requirements for Seed Certification | Seed Production | Plant Breeding
- (1) Improved Variety:
- (2) Genetic Purity:
- (3) Physical Purity:
- (4) Germination:
What is seeds Act?
An Act to provide for regulating the quality of certain seeds for sale, and for matters. connected therewith. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventeenth Year of the Republic of India as follows:- Short title, extent and commencement.
Who is responsible for seed certification?
Section 1. The BPI shall have direct responsibility for the distribution, regulation of breeder, foundation and registered seeds of all varieties developed bySection 1.
How many phases are there in seed certification?
The seed certification is carried out in six broad phases are listed below: Receipt and inspection of the application.
How many seed certification agencies are there in India?
Agencies (State Governments or Autonomous Bodies), which are notified under Section 8 of the Seeds Act are authorized for certification of seeds. At present there are 21 state Seed Certification Agencies in the country.
What are the 5 methods of testing seeds for germination?
The most common tests are the cold germination test, accelerated aging test, the tetrazolium test and warm germination test. Each test is designed to evaluate various qualities of the seed. The most common test is a warm germination test because it is required by seed laws to appear on the label.
Why is it important to use certified seed?
The Certification Certificates, seals and labels issued by SANSOR, are a guarantee of varietal purity and seed quality. The aim of seed certification is to conduct genetic maintenance of existing varieties, as well as new varieties as developed and described by the breeder.
Who is eligible to issue seed certification certificate?
According to Section 9 and 10 of the Seeds Act, any person selling, keeping for sale, offering to sell, bartering or supplying any seed is eligible to have seed certification.
What does Gada stand for?
|GADA||Global Address Data Association|
|GADA||Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Antibody|
|GADA||International Symposium on Grid Computing, High-Performance and Distributed Applications|
|GADA||Global Assessments of Disease Activity|
Is seed certification in India compulsory?
In India, Seed certification is voluntary but labelling is compulsory. Certification shall be conducted by the Certification Agency notified under Section 8 of the Seed Act, 1966. The major objective of the Seed Certification is to ensure the acceptable standards of seed viability, vigor, purity and seed health.
Is certification of seeds mandatory in India?
The Centre now hopes to mandate uniform certification by pushing through a replacement to the Seeds Act, 1966, in the winter session of Parliament, and also by barcoding all seeds to ensure their traceability. This could increase overall agricultural productivity by up to 25%, Agriculture Ministry officials say.