What is GPC instrument?

What is GPC instrument?

A gel permeation chromatograph (GPC) is used to separate the components of a sample by size, this is known as size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). GPC systems are widely used to analyze polymers and proteins in manufacturing, chemistry, and biology labs for quality control and analysis.

What is the difference between SEC and GPC?

It is exactly the same. Just two different ways to name it. It is the same thing. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) is a type of size exclusion chromatography (SEC).

What is GPC in analytical chemistry?

Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) for measurement of polymer molecular weight, size and structure. Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) is an analytical technique that separates dissolved macromolecules by size based on their elution from columns filled with a porous gel.

Is GPC a type of HPLC?

1. Gel permeation chromatography/size exclusion chromatography is a type of high performance liquid chromatography (LC). 2. GPC/SEC can be performed in a wide range of solvents.

How does a GPC work?

How GPC Works: GPC separates based on the size or hydrodynamic volume (radius of gyration) of the analytes. This differs from other separation techniques which depend upon chemical or physical interactions to separate analytes. Separation occurs via the use of porous beads packed in a column.

What does GPC measure?

An easy way to measure molecular weight of your sample is gel permeation chromatography (GPC). GPC is an analytical technique that separates molecules in polymers by size and provides the molecular weight distribution of a material. GPC is also sometimes known as size exclusion chromatography (SEC).

Why is GPC important?

Why is GPC important? GPC can determine several important parameters. These include number average molecular weight, weight average molecular weight, Z weight average molecular weight, and the most fundamental characteristic of a polymer its molecular weight distribution.

How does the size exclusion chromatography method work?

Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) separates molecules based on their size by filtration through a gel. The gel consists of spherical beads containing pores of a specific size distribution. Separation occurs when molecules of different sizes are included or excluded from the pores within the matrix.

How do I prepare a sample for GPC?


  1. Check if polymer sample is prepared.
  2. Label 1 mL GPC vials.
  3. Filter the polymer solution.
  4. Clean the glass syringe.
  5. Repeat Step 4.
  6. Dispose of needle in sharps container.
  7. Remove plunger from syringe base and allow to air dry for 1-2 min.
  8. Repeat Steps 3.

How does the GPC work?

Where is size exclusion chromatography used?

Size exclusion chromatography (SEC), also known as gel filtration chromatography, is a chromatographic method that separates molecules based on their particle size (actually particle’s Stokes radius). It is usually applied to large molecules or macromolecular complexes such as proteins and polymers.

Why is 280 nm used in size exclusion chromatography?

Absorption at 280 nm is usually most convenient because buffer substances or additives typically do not absorb light at that wavelength.

How much sample is required for GPC?

GPC Sample Testing Ensure that there is at least 100 mL per sample to be analyzed + 400 mL total in the THF solvent bottle (The front bottle) and that there is enough space for the eluted solvent for the waste bottle (The back bottle).

What is the principle of size exclusion chromatography?

What is the basic principle of size exclusion chromatography?

The underlying principle of SEC is that particles of different sizes elute (filter) through a stationary phase at different rates. This results in the separation of a solution of particles based on size.

Why is protein absorbance at 280 nm?

Summary. Proteins absorb strongly at 280 nm due to three types of its constituent amino acids. The peptide bonds found in the amino acids also absorb at 205 nm. The UV absorption of protein can be used both to quickly image and acquire spectra of microscopic samples non-destructively.

Who invented size exclusion chromatography?

In 1962, John Moore (13–15) of Dow Chemical Company produced a series of cross-linked polystyrene resins of known porosities and particle sizes for the SEC of synthetic polymers.

What is the mobile phase in size exclusion chromatography?

The mobile phase is a solvent which helps carry the mixture down the column, and the stationary phase which does not move. Unlike other chromatography methods, the stationary phase used in SEC does not exploit the polarity of each component.

What is the purpose of size exclusion chromatography?

The purpose is to separate small molecules, such as salts, from large biomolecules such as proteins. Samples can be prepared for storage or for other chromatography techniques and assays. Large sample volumes—up to 30% of the total column volume—can be applied at high flow rates using broad, short columns.

What is the mobile phase of the GPC test?

The GPC mobile phase was THF. All mobile phases were filtered through 0.45-μm nylon filters. Acetic acid (0.0975 mg/mL) and PA (0.130 mg/mL) RP-HPLC standards were dissolved in water and filtered through a 0.45 mm nylon syringe-tip filter, discarding the first 1.5 mL of filtrate.

What is the concentration of GPC solution?

Typical GPC solution concentrations range from 1-4 mg/ml for random coil polymers of less than 800,000 molecular weight to .1-.5 mg/ml for high molecular weight polymers. Oligomers and monomerics can often be analyzed at higher concentrations of up to 10 mg/ml.

What is the GPC column?

The GPC column is packed with porous beads of controlled porosity and particle size Polymer is prepared as a dilute solution in the eluent and injected into the system

How to prepare sample for GPC/SEC/APC analysis?

A. Sample Preparation for GPC/SEC/APC Analysis 1. Sample Types 2. Solvents 3. Filters B. GPC/SEC/APC Method Development 1. Eluent(s) / Mobile Phase(s) 2. Additives 3. Column(s) 4. Sample Loading 5. Flow Rate 6. Temperature 7.