What is a normal score on the MMSE?
The maximum score for the MMSE is 30. A score of 25 or higher is classed as normal. If the score is below 24, the result is usually considered to be abnormal, indicating possible cognitive impairment.
Is the MMSE available in different languages?
The MMSE-2 is also available in German, French, Dutch, Simplified Chinese, Russian, Italian, and Hindi.
How do you score the world on MMSE?
One point is given for each letter spelled in the correct order backwards to a maximum score of five. If more or less then 5 letters are given, then one point is deducted for each extra or missing letter. Only use the best score of either the serial 7 s or spelling WORLD backwards in the total MMSE score.
How accurate is the MMSE test?
With a cut-off point of 23/24, the MMSE had a sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 92%, and positive predictive value (PPV) of 69%. Age, sex, and education did not substantially affect the specificity and the PPV, but had a slight effect on the sensitivity.
What is a MMSE test for memory?
The Mini–Mental State Examination (MMSE) or Folstein test is a 30-point questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia.
What are the limitations of the MMSE?
MMSE, currently the most widely used SCT, presents several significant limitations. It cannot be used with illiterate subjects, scores are heavily influenced by educational level, its utility for CI screening is reduced, and it is not freely available.
What does a MMSE score of 15 mean?
Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) and the Mini-Cog test The maximum MMSE score is 30 points. A score of 20 to 24 suggests mild dementia, 13 to 20 suggests moderate dementia, and less than 12 indicates severe dementia.
Why do psychiatrists make you spell words backwards?
An abnormal attention span can indicate attention deficit disorder (ADD), as well as a wide range of other difficulties. Your examiner may ask you to count backward from a certain number or spell a short word both forward and backward. You may also be asked to follow spoken instructions.
What is a score of 18 on MMSE?
The total score for the MMSE ranges from 0 to 30; scores > 24 indicate basically no cognitive impairment; scores < 18 indicate severe cognitive impairment .
Why is MMSE important?
The Mini‐Mental State Examination (MMSE)1 is one of the most widely used screening instruments for dementia. In clinical as well as in research settings, it is often used to measure cognitive change over time in older adults. The detection of decline or improvement is crucial for diagnosis and therapy.
What is the difference between MMSE and slums?
The MMSE is an 11 question cognitive measure that evaluates five areas of functioning: orientation, registration, attention and calculation, language and praxis, and recall. The SLUMS examination has 11 questions, a majority of which have multiple parts. Both of the tests have a total possible score of 30.
What does an MMSE score of 19 mean?
Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) and the Mini-Cog test The maximum MMSE score is 30 points. A score of 20 to 24 suggests mild dementia, 13 to 20 suggests moderate dementia, and less than 12 indicates severe dementia. On average, the MMSE score of a person with Alzheimer’s declines about two to four points each year.