What grammatical structure is if?

What grammatical structure is if?

People sometimes call conditionals “if structures” or “if sentences” because there is usually (but not always) the word if in a conditional sentence.

What sentence structure is if?

Conditional sentences are constructed using two clauses—the if (or unless) clause and the main clause. There are five types of conditional sentences. It is important to understand each because each conveys a different meaning. Some conditional sentences refer to the general truths and others to hypothetical situations.

What are the 3 if clauses?

In a type 3 conditional sentence, the tense in the “if” clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional or the perfect continuous conditional….Form.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + past perfect perfect conditional or perfect continuous conditional

What type of conjunction is if?

Subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating conjunctions This type of conjunction includes words like because, if, although, since, until, and while. A subordinating conjunction is used to introduce a dependent clause.

What is the structure of if clause?

The structure is usually: if + past simple >> + would + infinitive. When if is followed by the verb be, it is grammatically correct to say if I were, if he were, if she were and if it were. However, it is also common to hear these structures with was, especially in the he/she form. If I were you, I wouldn’t mention it.

What is if clause and examples?

Mind the comma after the if clause….2. Examples (if-clause at the beginning)

type if clause main clause
I If I study, I will pass the exam.
II If I studied, I would pass the exam.
III If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.

How many types of if clauses are there?

If clauses = main clause and if-clause. There are 3 Types: If clauses Type 1, If clauses Type 2, If clauses Type 3.

What are the rules of if?

Use a comma after the if clause if the if clause precedes the main clause. Conditional sentences are statements that deal with known factors or hypothetical situations and their consequences. Full conditional sentences contain a conditional sentence clause (often referred to as the if clause) and the consequence.

What are the rules of using IF?

Use a comma after the if-clause when the if-clause precedes the main clause. If I’d had time, I would have cleaned the house. If the main clause precedes the if-clause, no punctuation is necessary. I would have cleaned the house if I’d had time.

Is if a conditional conjunction?

Conditional sentences contain a conditional clause – also known as the “if” clause – and a consequence. In fact, “if” is the most common conditional conjunction used in conditional sentences. “If” one thing happens, then another thing will happen. For example, “If a garden is nurtured, then it will yield fruit.”

How do you use an if conjunction?


  1. If you see him, give him this note.
  2. I’ll only stay if you offer me more money.
  3. If necessary I can come at once.
  4. You can stay for the weekend if you like.
  5. If anyone calls, tell them I’m not at home.
  6. If he improved his IT skills, he’d (= he would) easily get a job.

Do you use a comma in an if-then statement?

“If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president.

How do you teach if clauses?

Here are the steps to teaching the first conditional form:

  1. Introduce the construction of the first conditional: If + present simple + (then clause) future with “will.”
  2. Point out that the two clauses can be switched: (then clause) future with “will” + if + present simple.

What is if clause and example?

What is rule of if conditional?

A conditional sentence is based on the word ‘if’. There are always two parts to a conditional sentence – one part beginning with ‘if’ to describe a possible situation, and the second part which describes the consequence. For example: If it rains, we’ll get wet.

What type of conjunction is as if?

subordinating conjunctions
There are three basic types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating, and correlative….Subordinating conjunctions.

Relationship Common subordinating conjunctions
Cause and effect because, since, as
Time when, before, after, once, until, whenever, since, while
Place where, wherever
Condition if, unless, in case

How do you use if conditional?

How to use ‘if’ in conditional sentences

  1. 0 Conditional – is used for scientific facts or general truths.
  2. 1st Conditional – is used with ‘will/can + base verb’ for a probable future result.
  3. 2nd Conditional – uses the ‘simple past’ with ‘modal + base verb’ for imagined, impossible or unreal future situations.

How do you punctuate if?

How do you use the if clause in a sentence?

If you invited them, they would come. In a type 3 conditional sentence, the tense in the if clause is the past perfect and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional (would have + infinitive). If you had invited them, they would have come.

How many types of IF sentences are there?

If you study hard, you will pass your exam. There are four types of if sentences in English. The zero conditional. The type 1 conditional. The type 2 conditional. The type 3 conditional.

How do you use only if in a sentence?

We use only if to express a strong condition, often an order or command, to mean ‘on the condition that’. It has an opposite meaning to ‘except if’: Payment will be made only if the work is completed on time. Alright I’ll come but only if I can bring a friend with me. He’ll only take the job if they offer him more money.

Do you put a comma after the if clause?

Mind the comma after the if clause. 3. Examples (if-clause at the end) if I study. if I studied. if I had studied. 4. Examples (affirmative and negative sentences) If I study, I will pass the exam. If I study, I ‘ll pass the exam. If I study, I will not fail the exam.