What does a fundus photo show?

What does a fundus photo show?

A fundus camera or retinal camera is a specialized low power microscope with an attached camera designed to photograph the interior surface of the eye, including the retina, retinal vasculature, optic disc, macula, and posterior pole (i.e. the fundus).

Where is the fundus of the eye?

Fundus is the bottom or base of anything. In medicine, it is a general term for the inner lining of a hollow organ. The ocular fundus is the inner lining of the eye made up of the Sensory Retina, the Retinal Pigment Epithelium, Bruch’s Membrane, and the Choroid.

What is fundus photography with interpretation and report?

Fundus photography involves the use of a retinal camera to photograph the regions of the vitreous, retina, choroid, and optic nerve. The resultant images may be either photographic or digital and become part of the member’s medical record.

How do you take good fundus photos?

When is the quality of a fundus photo good enough?

  1. You can follow all vessels (arteries and veins).
  2. You can see the macula and the optic nerve head clearly.
  3. The photo is in focus and details are clearly visible.
  4. The photo is well-lit, but not over-exposed.
  5. The photo is free of any annotations or text.

What is retinal fundus?

The fundus is the inside, back surface of the eye. It is made up of the retina, macula, optic disc, fovea and blood vessels. With fundus photography, a special fundus camera points through the pupil to the back of the eye and takes pictures. These pictures help your eye doctor to find, watch and treat disease.

Is fundus and retina same?

The fundus of the eye is the interior surface of the eye opposite the lens and includes the retina, optic disc, macula, fovea, and posterior pole. The fundus can be examined by ophthalmoscopy and/or fundus photography.

What is fundus of retina?

What is the optimal pupil size for obtaining high quality fundus images?

between 2 and 8 mm
Thus the size of the pupil, usually between 2 and 8 mm in diameter, has been the primary technical challenge in fundus imaging.

What is a normal fundus?

Normal Fundus. The disk has sharp margins and is normal in color, with a small central cup. Arterioles and venules have normal color, sheen, and course. Background is in normal color. The macula is enclosed by arching temporal vessels. The fovea is located by a central pit.

What is the difference between retina and fundus?

How can I strengthen my retina?

How to Improve the Health of the Retina

  1. Healthy and balanced diet.
  2. Avoiding unhealthy foods and drinks.
  3. Drinking plenty of water.
  4. Regular exercise.
  5. Wearing sunglass when out in the sun.
  6. Quitting smoking.
  7. Wearing eye protection.
  8. Regular eye check-up.

What is the optic fundus?

What is eye fundus test?

Ophthalmoscopy is a test that allows your ophthalmologist, or eye doctor, to look at the back of your eye. This part of your eye is called the fundus, and consists of: retina. optic disc. blood vessels.

What happens if retina is weak?

As the vitreous gel pulls loose, it will sometimes exert pulling forces, known as traction, on the retina, and if the retina is weak, the retina will tear. Retinal tears are sometimes accompanied by bleeding if a retinal blood vessel is included in the tear.

Can retina be replaced?

Is Retinal Repair Possible? Yes, in many cases an eye doctor can repair a damaged retina. While a patient may not experience completely restored vision, retinal repair can prevent further vision loss and stabilize vision. It’s important that patients get treatment for their damaged retinas as soon as possible.

What is the latest operating system for MacBook Pro with Retina?

OS X Mavericks: Easy to use, incredibly powerful, and packed with features you’ll love, OS X Mavericks is the world’s most advanced desktop operating system. Learn more about latest operating system Your MacBook Pro with Retina display comes with 90 days of free telephone support and a one-year limited warranty.

What are the technical specifications of the Retina MacBook Pro?

MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Mid 2014) – Technical Specifications Display Retina display: 15.4-inch (diagonal) LED-backlit display with IPS technology; 2880-by-1800 resolution at 220 pixels per inch with support for millions of colors

What are the technical specifications of the new MacBook Pro (15-inch)?

MacBook Pro (15-inch, 2019) – Technical Specifications 1 Touch Bar 2 Charging and Expansion 3 In the Box 4 Configure to Order 5 MacBook Pro and the Environment

What kind of processor does a MacBook Pro have?

The MacBook Pro “Core i7” 2.3 15-Inch (Dual Graphics – Late 2013 Retina Display) features a 22 nm “Haswell/Crystalwell” 2.3 GHz Intel “Core i7” processor (4850HQ), with four independent processor “cores” on a single silicon chip, a 6 MB shared level 3 cache, 16 GB of onboard 1600 MHz DDR3L SDRAM (which cannot be upgraded later), 512 GB of PCIe