How do you take a wave soldering profile?
PROCESS GUIDELINES Begin measuring a wave solder profile, using a minimum of three thermocouples. Attach one through the PCB to the bottom to measure the solder contact time and temperature, and the other two attached to the top side solder mask of the PCB according to IPC-7530.
What is wave soldering process?
Wave soldering is a large-scale soldering process by which electronic components are soldered to a printed circuit board (PCB) to form an electronic assembly. The name is derived from the use of waves of molten solder to attach metal components to the PCB.
What is dwell time in wave soldering?
The Dwell time is how long the solder will be above liquidous, all said and done, and this time needs to be consistent across the width of the wave (AKA: parallelism), but you can see consistency across the wave just as easy by setting a min/max spec for the three dwell times.
How many zones are in Reflow?
In the conventional reflow soldering process, there are usually four stages, called “zones”, each having a distinct thermal profile: preheat, thermal soak (often shortened to just soak), reflow, and cooling.
What is the temperature for wave soldering process?
The solder pot temperature should be adjusted to a range of 240 °C to 250 °C. The flux station (foam or wave) preheat temperature should be adjusted to a range of 80 °C to 105 °C. The preheat temperature must not exceed 100 °C under the solder wave temperature and the preheat rate of 1.5 to 2.5 °C/sec.
What is use of wave soldering machine?
Wave soldering machines are used to solder both conventional through-hole and surface mount components on a printer circuit board. Motorized lead and lead-free solder pots offer flexibility and quick change. These machines also can increase through-hole speed with dual-wave soldering capabilities.
What is wave flux?
Energy Flux Moving Volume. Energy flux is the rate of change of energy density . It is the flux of energy which is critical to ocean waves. While the individual fluid particles do not move the waves carry energy. We begin by deriving the energy flux in general conditions.
What is reflow profile?
The standard reflow profile has four zones: preheat, soak, reflow and cooling. The profile describes the ideal temperature curve of the top layer of the PCB. Standard reflow soldering profile. The preheating zone should increase the temperature at a maximum rate of 3 °C/s.
Is wave soldering still used?
As through-hole components have been largely replaced by surface mount components, wave soldering has been supplanted by reflow soldering methods in many large-scale electronics applications.
How many types of soldering techniques?
Soldering methods fall into three main categories: hand soldering, reflow soldering, and wave soldering. Hand soldering forms each joint individually by simultaneously applying a hot soldering iron and a wire made of solder to the two surfaces to be joined.
How many types of reflow profile are there?
Two types of reflow profiles were studied.
What is the difference between reflow and wave soldering?
The essential difference between wave soldering and reflow soldering lies in flux spraying — wave soldering contains this step, while reflow soldering does not. Flux enables dioxide elimination and surface tension reduction in the material to be soldered.